Replacement of R22 in tube-and-shell condensers: experiments and simulations
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 1997

An investigation of the change in condenser overall heat transfer coefficient when replacing R22 with one of the three mixtures R407C, R404A and R410B was made, both experimentally and theoretically. Measurements have been carried out on a full-scale test plant consisting of a horizontal shell-side condenser. According to the measurements the decrease in overall heat transfer coefficient for the non-azeotropic mixture R407C was very large, up to 70% compared to R22, while for the near-azeotropic mixture R404A the decrease was less than 15%. Simulations of the condenser were done with a comprehensive computer program, calculating the condensation heat transfer with an approximate method including a correction for mass resistance. The calculation model was not able to predict this large degradation for the non-azeotropic mixture, while the predictions agreed rather well with the measurements for the pure fluid and the near-azeotropic mixtures.

regrigerant

R404A

R407C

R22

heat transfer

performance

R410B

substitute

condenser

calculation

measurement

Författare

Cecilia Gabrielii

Institutionen för värmeteknik och maskinlära

Lennart Vamling

Institutionen för värmeteknik och maskinlära

International Journal of Refrigeration, 1997

Vol. 20 3 165-178

Ämneskategorier

Kemiteknik

DOI

10.1016/S0140-7007(96)00077-1