Low temperature catalytic activity of cobalt oxide and ceria promoted Pt and Pd: -Influence of pretreatment and gas composition
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 1997

The influence of pretreatment, gas composition and metal (Ce or Co) oxide promotion on the low-temperature CO and C3H6 oxidation activity over alumina-supported Pt and Pd has been studied. The monolith catalysts have either been preoxidised in O2/N2 Or prereduced in H2/N2 prior to evaluation with respect to light-off performance, using either net oxidising or net reducing CO/C3H6/O2/N2 gas mixtures. Compared with unpromoted Pt, promotion with preoxidised ceria or cobalt oxide enhances the low-temperature activity significantly and lowers the light-off temperatures by about 60-70 degrees C for both CO and C3H6. Prereduction of a cobalt-oxide catalyst (without precious metals) gives a dramatically improved performance compared with a preoxidised catalyst in terms of light-off and overall conversion. Prereduction of metal oxide promoted Pt and Pd can shift the light-off temperatures for CO and C3H6 by up to 100 degrees C toward lower temperatures compared with preoxidised samples. When using gas mixtures containing both CO and C3H6, the conversion of CO always starts at lower temperatures than the conversion of C3H6 The catalysts have been characterised by temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) of carbon monoxide, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and specific surface area measurements (BET). The reduced cobalt containing samples adsorb large amounts of CO. The high activity over the catalysts containing prereduced cobalt oxide is suggested to be due to the presence of reduced cobalt-oxide sites on the surface of those samples.

propene oxidation

cobalt oxide

palladium

carbon monoxide oxidation

ceria

pretreatment

platinum

promotion

exhaust gas catalysis

low-temperature activity

Författare

Anders Törncrona

Institutionen för teknisk kemi

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Magnus Skoglundh

Institutionen för teknisk kemi

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Peter Thormählen

Chalmers, Teknisk fysik, Kemisk fysik

Institutionen för kemisk reaktionsteknik

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Erik Fridell

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Chalmers, Teknisk fysik, Kemisk fysik

Edward Jobson

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Applied Catalysis B: Environmental

0926-3373 (ISSN) 1873-3883 (eISSN)

Vol. 14 1-2 131-146

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Styrkeområden

Nanovetenskap och nanoteknik

Transport

Energi

Materialvetenskap

Ämneskategorier

Kemiteknik

DOI

10.1016/S0926-3373(97)00018-0

Mer information

Skapat

2017-10-07