Oxygen vacancy segregation and space-charge effects in grain boundaries of dry and hydrated BaZrO3
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2012
A space-charge model is applied to describe the equilibrium effects of segregation of double-donor oxygen vacancies to grain boundaries in dry and wet acceptor-doped samples of the perovskite oxide BaZrO3. The grain boundary (GB) core vacancy concentrations and electrostatic potential barriers resulting from different vacancy segregation energies were evaluated. Density-functional calculations on vacancy segregation to the mirror-symmetric Σ3 (112) [-110] tilt grain boundary are also presented. Our results indicate that oxygen vacancy segregation can be responsible for the low grain boundary proton conductivity in BaZrO3 reported in the literature.