The morphology and kinematics of the Fine Ring Nebula, planetary nebula Sp 1, and the shaping influence of its binary central star
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2012
We present the first detailed spatiokinematical analysis and modelling of the planetary nebula
Shapley 1 (Sp 1), which is known to contain a close-binary central star system. Close-binary
central stars have been identified as a likely source of shaping in planetary nebulae, but with
little observational support to date.
Deep narrow-band imaging in the light of [O III] λ5007Å suggests the presence of a large
bow shock to the west of the nebula, indicating that it is undergoing the first stages of an
interaction with the interstellar medium. Further narrow-band imaging in the light of Hα +
[N II] λ6584Å combined with long-slit observations of the Hα emission have been used to
develop a spatiokinematical model of Sp 1. The model clearly reveals Sp 1 to be a bipolar,
axisymmetric structure viewed almost pole-on. The symmetry axis of the model nebula is
within a few degrees of perpendicular to the orbital plane of the central binary system – strong
evidence that the central close-binary system has played an important role in shaping the
Sp 1 is one of the very few nebulae to have this link, between nebular symmetry axis and
binary plane, shown observationally.
outflows – planetary nebulae: individual: Sp 1 – planetary nebulae: individual: PN G329.0+01.9.
binaries: close – circumstellar matter – stars: mass-loss – stars: winds