Detection of HCN, HCO+, and HNC in the Mrk 231 molecular outflow. Dense molecular gas in the AGN wind
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2012

We obtained high-resolution (1.''55 × 1.''28) observations of HCN, HCO+, HNC 1-0 and HC3N 10-9 of the ultraluminous galaxy (ULIRG) Mrk 231 with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer. Results: We detect luminous emission from HCN, HCO+ and HNC 1-0 in the QSO ULIRG Mrk 231. All three lines show broad line wings - which are particularly prominent for HCN. Velocities are found to be similar ( ≈ ± 750 km s-1) to those found for CO 1-0. This is the first time bright HCN, HCO+ and HNC emission has been detected in a large-scale galactic outflow. We find that both the blue- and red-shifted line wings are spatially extended by at least 0.''75 (>700 pc) in a north-south direction. The line wings are brighter (relative to the line center intensity) in HCN than in CO 1-0 and line ratios suggest that the molecular outflow consists of dense (n > 104 cm-3) and clumpy gas with a high HCN abundance X(HCN) > 10-8. These properties are consistent with the molecular gas being compressed and fragmented by shocks in the outflow. Alternatively, HCN is instead pumped by mid-IR continuum, but we propose that this effect is not strong for the spatially extended outflowing gas. In addition, we find that the rotation of the main disk, in east-west direction, is also evident in the HCN, HCO+ and HNC line emission. An unexpectedly bright HC3N 10-9 line is detected inside the central 400 pc of Mrk 231. This HC3N emission may emerge from a shielded, dust-enshrouded region within the inner 40-50 pc where the gas is heated to high temperatures (200-300 K) by the AGN.

ISM: molecules

quasars: general

galaxies: active

radio lines: ISM

galaxies: individual: Mrk 231

galaxies: evolution

Författare

Susanne Aalto

Chalmers, Rymd- och geovetenskap, Radioastronomi och astrofysik

S. G. Burillo

Observatorio Astronomico Nacional

Sebastien Muller

Chalmers, Rymd- och geovetenskap, Onsala rymdobservatorium

J.M. Winters

Institut de RadioAstronomie Millimetrique (IRAM)

P. van der Werf

Leiden University

C. Henkel

Max Planck-institutet

King Abdulaziz University

Francesco Costagliola

Chalmers, Rymd- och geovetenskap, Radioastronomi och astrofysik

R. Neri

Institut de RadioAstronomie Millimetrique (IRAM)

Astronomy and Astrophysics

0004-6361 (ISSN) 1432-0746 (eISSN)

Vol. 537 44-51 A44

Ämneskategorier

Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi

Fundament

Grundläggande vetenskaper

DOI

10.1051/0004-6361/201117919