Excess Enthalpy and Vapor-Liquid Equilibria with the MHV2 and Soave Mixing Rules
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2011

Calculations and predictions of excess enthalpy (H-E) and vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE) were performed using the Gibbs energy mixing rules MHV2 and a modification of it by Soave. The Soave-Redlich-Kwong equation of state was combined with the UNIQUAC equation. Four sets of parameters estimated in the UNIQUAC model were used for each of seven binary systems: the first estimated from VLE data, the second and the third estimated from H-E data for two versions of the UNIQUAC equation, and the fourth estimated from both H-E and VLE data simultaneously. It was found that H-E calculations can be performed with the mixing rules; the average relative errors fell from around 200% for the conventional mixing rule to around 60% for MHV2 combined with DECHEMA UNIQUAC parameters and was as little as 20% when the UNIQUAC parameters had been estimated from H-E and VLE data simultaneously. However, the approach suffers from the same shortcomings as far as cross-prediction between H-E and VLE data is concerned, as does the UNIQUAC equation used alone. There is a discrepancy between values obtained with the mixing rule and those obtained with the UNIQUAC equation directly. This discrepancy is smaller for the Soave modification of the mixing rule.

Mixing rule

unifac-based equation





uniquac equation


Vapor-liquid equilibria

gibbs energy

Excess enthalpy

Equation of state

thermodynamic properties

cubic equations


Åsa Ulrika Burman

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Kemisk apparatteknik

Krister Ström

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Kemisk apparatteknik

Chemical Engineering Communications

0098-6445 (ISSN) 1563-5201 (eISSN)

Vol. 198 11 1435-1452