Neutronics in reactors with propagating perturbations
Doktorsavhandling, 2012

This thesis contains several studies of the properties of neutron noise, primarily in Molten Salt Reactors and other reactors with propagating perturbations. Both one- and two-group diffusion theory are employed to investigate the differences that arise from the movement of the fuel. Data corresponding to a thorium-fuelled thermal reactor is used to investigate the properties of a more realistic possible realisation of an MSR system, as well as data corresponding to more traditional systems for contrast. Furthermore, the properties of the neutron noise from a vibrating absorber or fuel rod in a traditional reactor is investigated in a two-group, multi-region system. For the MSR, the Green's functions and the dynamic adjoint functions are investigated in the general case of arbitrary fuel recirculation velocity and in the limiting case of infinite fuel velocity which permits simplified solutions both in the static and dynamic case. It is found that the amplitude of the induced noise is generally higher and the domain of the point kinetic behaviour valid up to higher frequencies than in a corresponding traditional system. This is due to the differing behaviour of the delayed neutron precursors as compared to the traditional case. The MSR equations are not self-adjoint and the adjoint equations and adjoint functions have to be constructed, which is also done here. Finally, the space-dependent neutron noise, induced by propagating perturbations of the absorption cross section is calculated. A number of interesting properties that are relevant to full size MSRs are found and interpreted. The results are consistent with those in traditional systems but the domains of various behaviour regimes (point kinetic, space dependent etc.) are shifted to higher frequencies or system sizes.

one-group theory

Green's function

Molten Salt Reactors

two-group theory

neutron noise

propagating perturbations

FB-salen
Opponent: Assis. Prof. Sandra Dulla, Department of Energetics, Politecnico di Torino, Italien

Författare

Anders Jonsson

Chalmers, Teknisk fysik, Nukleär teknik

Reactor Kinetics, Dynamic Response, and Neutron Noise in Molten Salt Reactors

Nuclear Science and Engineering,; Vol. 167(2011)p. 61-76

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Analytical solutions of the molten salt reactor equations

Annals of Nuclear Energy,; Vol. 50(2012)p. 206-214

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Qualitative and quantitative investigation of the propagation noise in various reactor systems

Progress in Nuclear Energy,; Vol. 70(2014)p. 98-111

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Two-group theory of neutron noise in Molten Salt Reactors

Annals of Nuclear Energy,; Vol. 38(2011)p. 1238-1251

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Analytical investigation of the properties of the neutron noise induced by vibrating absorber and fuel rods

Kerntechnik,; Vol. 77(2012)p. 371-380

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Ämneskategorier

Fysik

Styrkeområden

Energi

ISBN

978-91-7385-703-1

Doktorsavhandlingar vid Chalmers tekniska högskola. Ny serie: 3384

CTH-NT - Chalmers University of Technology, Nuclear Engineering: 256

FB-salen

Opponent: Assis. Prof. Sandra Dulla, Department of Energetics, Politecnico di Torino, Italien