Two-dimensional Array of Cold-electron Bolometers for High-sensitivity Polarization Measurements
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2012
A new concept of a two-dimensional array of cold-electron bolometers with distributed dipole antennas in the focal plane for high-sensitivity polarization measurements is proposed. The concept gives a unique combination of high polarization resolution due to a large uniforms array of cold-electron bolometers and optimal matching with junction field effect transistor (JFET) amplifiers because of flexibility in direct-current connections. The noise characteristics are improved due to arriving-signal power distribution among numerous cold-electron bolometers and an increase in their response. This should lead to a significant increase in the sensitivity and dynamic range compared with competing alternative bolometer technologies. The reliability of the two-dimensional array significantly increases due to a series-parallel connection of a large number of cold-electron bolometers. High polarization resolution should be ensured due to uniform covering of a substrate by a two-dimensional array over a large area and the absence of the beam compression to small lumped elements. The fundamental sensitivity limit of the cold-electron bolometer array is smaller than photon noise which is considered to be the ultimate level restricted by the background radiation. Estimates of noise of bolometers with the JFET reading system show the possibility of realizing the ultimate sensitivity below the photon-noise level 5 . 10(-17) W/Hz(1/2) at a frequency of 350 GHz for an optical load with a power of 5 pW. These parameters correspond to the requirements to the receiving system of a BOOMERanG balloon telescope.
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