Syns det inte finns det inte, eller? : En studie av hur emissioner från sjöfart hanteras i miljökonsekvensbeskrivningar
Environmental Impact Assessment, EIA, is a method used all over the world to describe different activities and enterprises impact on environment and human health. In this report EIA and emissions of air pollutants from shipping is studied. Emissions from shipping have an impact on the environment and human health on local, regional and global scale and can cause acidification of lakes, eutrophication of the seas and premature deaths among other things. The aim is to investigate and map how emissions from shipping is handle in environmental impact assessments that are made for activities and enterprises that involve shipping. The aim is also to describe the work and process around EIA. The EIA-process contains of several steps and results in a document that is examined by authorities. Different actors have the possibility to point out their view in the question during the whole process. Emissions from shipping and how they are handled in EIAs varies which mainly depends on that the emissions are an indirect effect. In most cases results from the calculations of emissions are presented and connected to emissions from other sources and environmental legislation. Some EIA present emission factors mainly for sulfur dioxide which is connected to the sulphur content of the fuel. In the reports or attachments to the EIA you can find references to where the emission factors are found and the methodology for performed calculations of the emissions. The work with EIA and emissions from ships needs to develop further and guidelines for how to handle the emissions, where to find data and methodology can be created. Students and civil servants can be educated further in EIA and in courses that give a more interdisciplinary view to nature resource management and EIA.