Inequalities in the early treatment of women and men with acute chest pain?
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2012

Abstract PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify sex differences in the early chain of care for patients with chest pain. DESIGN: This is a retrospective study performed at 3 centers including all patients admitted to the emergency department because of chest pain, during a 3-month period in 2008, in the municipality of Göteborg. Chest pain or discomfort in the chest was the only inclusion criterion. There were no exclusion criteria. DATA SOURCES: Data were retrospectively collected from ambulance and medical records and electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiography, and laboratory databases. MAIN FINDINGS: A total of 2588 visits (1248 women and 1340 men) made by 2393 patients were included. When adjusting for baseline variables, female sex was significantly associated with a prolonged delay time (defined as above median) between (a) admission to hospital and admission to a hospital ward (odds ratio [OR], 1.59; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.25-2.03), (b) first physical contact and first dose of aspirin (OR, 2.22; 95% CI, 1.30-3.82), and (c) admission to hospital and coronary angiography (OR, 2.50; 95% CI, 1.29-5.13). Delay time to the first ECG recording did not differ significantly between women and men. PRINCIPAL CONCLUSIONS: Among patients hospitalized due to chest pain, when adjusting for differences at baseline, female sex was associated with a prolonged delay time until admission to a hospital ward, to administration of aspirin, and to performing a coronary angiography. There was no difference in delay to the first ECG recording.


Annica Ravn-Fischer

Göteborgs universitet

Thomas Karlsson

Göteborgs universitet

Marco Santos

Chalmers, Teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Industriell kvalitetsutveckling

Bo Bergman

Chalmers, Teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Industriell kvalitetsutveckling

Johan Herlitz

Högskolan i Borås

Per Johanson

Göteborgs universitet

American Journal of Emergency Medicine

0735-6757 (ISSN) 1532-8171 (eISSN)

Vol. 30 8 1515-1521







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