Collisional Penrose Process near the Horizon of Extreme Kerr Black Holes
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2012

Collisions of particles in black hole ergospheres may result in an arbitrarily large center-of-mass energy. This led recently to the suggestion [M. Banados, J. Silk, and S. M. West, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 111102 (2009)] that black holes can act as ultimate particle accelerators. If the energy of an outgoing particle is larger than the total energy of the infalling particles, the energy excess must come from the rotational energy of the black hole and hence, a Penrose process is involved. However, while the center-of-mass energy diverges, the position of the collision makes it impossible for energetic particles to escape to infinity. Following an earlier work on collisional Penrose processes [T. Piran and J. Shaham, Phys. Rev. D 16, 1615 (1977)], we show that even under the most favorable idealized conditions the maximal energy of an escaping particle is only a modest factor above the total initial energy of the colliding particles. This implies that one should not expect collisions around a black hole to act as spectacular cosmic accelerators.




M. Bejger

T. Piran

Marek A Abramowicz

Göteborgs universitet

Frida Eriksson

Chalmers, Rymd- och geovetenskap, Icke-linjär elektrodynamik

Physical Review Letters

0031-9007 (ISSN) 1079-7114 (eISSN)

Vol. 109 artikel nr 121101-