Switching Properties of a Spiropyran-Cucurbit  uril Supramolecular Assembly: Usefulness of the Anchor Approach
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2012
A nitrospiropyran, which was modified with a cadaverine-derived anchor, was investigated with respect to its thermally induced isomerizations, hydrolytic stability of the merocyanine form, and photochromic ring closure. The hostguest complexation of the anchor by the cucurbituril macrocycle, evidenced by absorption titration, NMR spectroscopy, and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, produced significant improvements of the switching properties of the photochrome: 1) appearance of the merocyanine form about 70 times faster, 2) practically unlimited hydrolytic stability of the merocyanine (two and a half days without any measureable decay), and 3) fast, clean, and fatigue-resistant photoinduced ring closure back to the spiro form. The importance of an adequate molecular design of the anchor was demonstrated by including control experiments with spiropyrans with a shorter linker or without such structural asset.