Improving the performance of fluidized bed biomass/waste gasifiers
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2013

Methods to increase the conversion of char and tar in fluidized bed gasifiers (FBG) are discussed, with the focus on small to medium-size biomass/waste gasifiers for power production (from 0.5 to 10 MWe). Optimization of such systems aims at (i) maximizing energy utilization of the fuel (maximizing char conversion), (ii) minimizing secondary treatment of the gas (by avoiding complex tar cleaning), and (iii) application in small biomass-to-electricity gasification plants. The efficiency of various measures to increase tar and char conversion within a gasification reactor (primary methods) is discussed. The optimization of FBG by using in-bed catalysts, by addition of steam and enriched air as gasification agent, and by secondary-air injection, although improving the process, is shown to be insufficient to attain the gas purity required for burning the gas in an engine to produce electricity. Staged gasification is identified as the only method capable of reaching the targets mentioned above with reasonable simplicity and cost, so it is ideal for power production. A promising new stage gasification process is presented. It is based on three stages: FB devolatilization, non-catalytic air/steam reforming of the gas coming from the devolatilizer, and chemical filtering of the gas and gasification of the char in a moving bed supplied with the char generated in the devolatilizer. Design considerations and comparison with one-stage FBG are discussed.

Tar

Char

Gasification

Biomass

Fluidized bed

Optimization

Författare

Alberto Gómez-Barea

Universidad de Sevilla

Bo G Leckner

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Energiteknik

A.L Villanueva Perales

Universidad de Sevilla

Susanna Nilsson

Universidad de Sevilla

Diego Fuentes Cano

Universidad de Sevilla

Applied Thermal Engineering

1359-4311 (ISSN)

Vol. 50 1453-1462

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Ämneskategorier

Energiteknik

Styrkeområden

Energi

DOI

10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2011.12.025