Backcasting - What is a sustainable future and how do we reach it?
Kapitel i bok, 2013

This chapter is about ways of defining sustainability in an actionable way, in order to innovate and change the way products and services are being developed. The starting point is the four system conditions for sustainability developed by Holmberg (1995) and the Natural Step (a non-governmental organization). The second part of the chapter proceeds to introduce one particular proven way to introduce sustainable strategies in organizations, the ‘backcasting approach’ (Holmberg 1998; Holmberg & Robèrt 2000). The chapter ends by suggesting a combined backcasting/scenario planning approach (Alänge et al. 2007).


Sverker Alänge

Chalmers, Teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Industriell kvalitetsutveckling

John Holmberg

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Fysisk resursteori

Chapter 5 in Alänge, Sverker & Lundqvist, Mats eds. (2013) Sustainable Business Development: Frameworks for Idea Evaluation and Cases of Realized Ideas, Chalmers University Press, Gothenburg



Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi

Annan naturresursteknik



Hållbar utveckling

Innovation och entreprenörskap