Effect of food withdrawal and insulin on growth hormone secretion in the guinea pig.
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 1990
The guinea pig is unusual in that its postnatal growth appears to be independent of GH even though its pituitary gland produces a GH molecule. The effects of fasting on the GH secretory pattern and the GH responses to insulin, GH-releasing factor (GRF), and somatostatin (SS) during fasting have now been studied by automatic microsampling of blood in chronically cannulated normal guinea pigs. Withdrawal of food in both male and female guinea pigs changed the GH secretory pattern dramatically. The normal episodic GH secretory pattern [large GH peaks occurring at 3.6 +/- 0.4-h intervals over a low (approximately 0.5-1.5 ng/ml) baseline secretion] was altered to a pattern of more continuous GH output, characterized by a 10-fold elevated baseline secretion (5-15 ng/ml) with no large secretory episodes or troughs. Glucose injections (three injections of 600 mg, iv, at hourly intervals) in fasted guinea pigs lowered their elevated blood GH levels significantly (from 9.1 +/- 1.1 to 6.5 +/- 0.9 ng/ml). Insulin injections (1, 2, or 6 U, iv) inhibited spontaneous GH pulses in normally fed animals, but had little effect on the high continuous GH tone during fasting. The elevated GH secretion in fasted animals could be inhibited by continuous infusion of SS or a single iv injection of a long-acting SS analog. The secretion of GH during fasting could be further increased, either by injections of GRF (two injections of 2 micrograms, iv, 90 min apart), producing peak levels of 102 +/- 16 and 68 +/- 21 ng/ml (above a baseline output of 8.8 +/- 2.2 ng/ml), or by a continuous iv infusion of GRF (12 micrograms/h). Because the GH secretory pattern in the guinea pig is so sensitive to nutrition and insulin, this species may provide an interesting model in which to study selectively the metabolic, as opposed to growth-promoting, actions and regulation of GH.