Elements of AlGaN-Based Light Emitters
Doktorsavhandling, 2013

The III-nitrides have enabled a range of optoelectronic devices and associated applications of great industrial and societal importance. However, the full potential of the III-nitrides remains to be explored. In this thesis, different important elements of AlGaN-based light emitters have been developed to allow for improvements of deepultraviolet (DUV) light emitting diodes (LEDs), blue vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs), and near-infrared (NIR) quantum cascade lasers (QCLs). AlGaN is unique among the wide-bandgap semiconductors in that both p- and n-type conductivity can be achieved. However, effective p-type doping remains difficult, in particular for high-Al content AlGaN. Here we report on progress towards lower resistivity Mg-doped Al0.85Ga0.15N, which will benefit the development of DUV-LEDs. A resistivity of 7 kΩ⋅cm was achieved. We also report on the use of transferred double layer metal-free graphene as a transparent contact on p-GaN for uniform current injection, which could benefit the development of surface emitting LEDs and VCSELs emitting in the blue-green. The graphene transparent contact was shown to momentarily sustain a current density of 1 kA/cm2, which is close to the threshold current density of state-of-the-art blue VCSELs. The large conduction band offset of AlN/GaN quantum wells may enable the wavelength range of QCLs to be extend to the NIR, potentially even covering the telecom wavelength of 1550 nm where a QCL could provide e.g. chirp free modulation. A particular challenge for AlGaN-based short wavelength QCLs is the design of a low loss waveguide that also allows for efficient current injection and extraction. We have therefore developed two such waveguide designs, one employing a dielectric cladding and an off-center metal contact in a ridge configuration and a second employing a ridge waveguid with a ZnO upper cladding and an AlN lower cladding for mode confinement, and investigated their performance characteristics. We also show, both experimentally and theoretically, that the temperature dependence of the intersubband transition energy in AlN/GaN QWs designed for short wavelength absorption/emission is very weak (15 µeV/K), which suggests that AlGaN-based telecom QCLs could operate without active temperature control.

graphene

vertical cavity surface emitting laser

deep-ultraviolet

III-nitride

near-infrared

light emitting diode

visible

AlGaN

quantum cascade laser

Kollektorn (A423), MC2, Chalmers
Opponent: Prof. Enrique Calleja Pardo, Polytechnical University of Madrid, Spain

Författare

Martin Stattin

Chalmers, Mikroteknologi och nanovetenskap (MC2), Fotonik

Metal-Free Graphene as Transparent Electrode for GaN-Based Light-Emitters

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics,; Vol. 52(2013)p. 08JG05-

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Temperature stability of intersubband transitions in AlN/GaN quantum wells

Applied Physics Letters,; Vol. 97(2010)p. 043507-

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Waveguides for nitride based quantum cascade lasers

Physica Status Solidi (C) Current Topics in Solid State Physics,; Vol. 8(2011)p. 2357-2359

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ZnO/AlN Clad Waveguides for AlGaN-Based Quantum Cascade Lasers

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics,; Vol. 52(2013)p. 054001 -

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Mg-doped Al0.85Ga0.15N layers grown by hot-wall MOCVD with low resistivity at room temperature

Physica Status Solidi - Rapid Research Letetrs,; Vol. 4(2010)p. 311-313

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Styrkeområden

Nanovetenskap och nanoteknik

Ämneskategorier

Telekommunikation

Annan elektroteknik och elektronik

Infrastruktur

Nanotekniklaboratoriet

ISBN

978-91-7385-826-7

Technical report MC2 - Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Chalmers University of Technology: MC2-247

Doktorsavhandlingar vid Chalmers tekniska högskola. Ny serie: 3507

Kollektorn (A423), MC2, Chalmers

Opponent: Prof. Enrique Calleja Pardo, Polytechnical University of Madrid, Spain