Comparative modelling of lower hybrid current drive with two launcher designs in the Tore Supra tokamak
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2013

Fully non-inductive operation with lower hybrid current drive (LHCD) in the Tore Supra tokamak is achieved using either a fully active multijunction (FAM) launcher or a more recent ITER-relevant passive active multijunction (PAM) launcher, or both launchers simultaneously. While both antennas show comparable experimental efficiencies, the analysis of stability properties in long discharges suggest different current profiles. We present comparative modelling of LHCD with the two different launchers to characterize the effect of the respective antenna spectra on the driven current profile. The interpretative modelling of LHCD is carried out using a chain of codes calculating, respectively, the global discharge evolution (tokamak simulator METIS), the spectrum at the antenna mouth (LH coupling code ALOHA), the LH wave propagation (ray-tracing code C3PO), and the distribution function (3D Fokker-Planck code LUKE). Essential aspects of the fast electron dynamics in time, space and energy are obtained from hard x-ray measurements of fast electron bremsstrahlung emission using a dedicated tomographic system. LHCD simulations are validated by systematic comparisons between these experimental measurements and the reconstructed signal calculated by the code R5X2 from the LUKE electron distribution. An excellent agreement is obtained in the presence of strong Landau damping (found under low density and high-power conditions in Tore Supra) for which the ray-tracing model is valid for modelling the LH wave propagation. Two aspects of the antenna spectra are found to have a significant effect on LHCD. First, the driven current is found to be proportional to the directivity, which depends upon the respective weight of the main positive and main negative lobes and is particularly sensitive to the density in front of the antenna. Second, the position of the main negative lobe in the spectrum is different for the two launchers. As this lobe drives a counter-current, the resulting driven current profile is also different for the FAM and PAM launchers.

Författare

Emelie Nilsson

Chalmers, Teknisk fysik, Nukleär teknik

J. Decker

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

Y. Peysson

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

J. F. Artaud

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

Annika Ekedahl

Chalmers, Teknisk fysik, Nukleär teknik

J. Hillairet

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

T. Aniel

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

V. Basiuk

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

M. Goniche

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

F. Imbeaux

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

D. Mazon

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

P. Sharma

Institute for Plasma Research India

Nuclear Fusion

0029-5515 (ISSN)

Vol. 53

Ämneskategorier

Subatomär fysik

DOI

10.1088/0029-5515/53/8/083018