Sense of Coherence and Ill Health Among the Unemployed and Re-employed After Closure of an Assembly Plant
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 1999

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between employment status, ill health and sense of coherence (SOC). A cross-sectional sample of the former workers at the closed down Volvo Kalmar plant in Sweden was used. A questionnaire was mailed to all identified subjects 2 years after the closure of the plant. Responses were obtained from 344 persons, of whom 173were re-employed and 92were unemployed. They answered the questionnaire anonymously on background variables, SOC and ill health (physical and psychological symptoms).

A notable difference was found between the re-employed and unemployed, where the unemployed reported symptoms significantly more often as well as a significantly weaker SOC. The main finding in a four-cell model indicated that unemployment had a rather low impact on symptoms in the presence of a strong SOC. Structural equation modelling (SEM) was performed with simultaneous analysis of the unemployed and reemployed. The SEM analysis indicated that SOC seemed to have a greater impact on psychological symptoms among unemployed compared with re-employed persons. However, it should be noted that the present study does not allow for the determination of cause-effect relationships.

A comment: This publication is authored together with a senior research competency within psychology with whom Engström have had long time cooperation procedures.



cross and multi-sciences approaches

manufacturing system design

Structural equation modeling


work-related musculoskeletal disorders

psychological aspects of work


occupational health

Sense of coherence

evaluate work and work conditions

manufacturing technology


Jan Johansson Hanse

Göteborgs universitet

Tomas Engström

Institutionen för transportteknik

Work and Stress

0267-8373 (ISSN) 1464-5335 (eISSN)

Vol. 13 3 204-222


Tillämpad psykologi

Miljömedicin och yrkesmedicin

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