Adaptive Stopping for Fast Particle Smoothing
Paper i proceeding, 2013
Particle smoothing is useful for offline state inference and parameter learning in nonlinear/non-Gaussian state-space models. However, many particle smoothers, such as the popular forward filter/backward simulator (FFBS), are plagued by a quadratic computational complexity in the number of particles. One approach to tackle this issue is to use rejection-sampling-based FFBS (RS-FFBS), which asymptotically reaches linear complexity. In practice, however, the constants can be quite large and the actual gain in computational time limited. In this contribution, we develop a hybrid method, governed by an adaptive stopping rule, in order to exploit the benefits, but avoid the drawbacks, of RS-FFBS. The resulting particle smoother is shown in a simulation study to be considerably more computationally efficient than both FFBS and RS-FFBS.
Sequential Monte Carlo