Assembly failures and action cost in relation to complexity level and assembly ergonomics in manual assembly (part 2)
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2014

Earlier studies have demonstrated strong relationships between manual assembly at high physical load levels and increased amounts of quality defects compared to assembly at low physical load levels. A recent Swedish interview study of engineers in design and manufacturing engineering indicated that assembly complexity factors are of additional importance for the assembly quality. The objective of this study was therefore to examine the significance of high and low complexity criteria and the relationships between assembly ergonomics and assembly complexity and quality failures by analyzing manual assembly tasks in car manufacturing. In total, 47 000 cars were analyzed and the results showed several significant correlations between assembly ergonomics and assembly complexity, assembly time, failures and action costs. The action costs for high complexity tasks were 22.4 times increased per task per car compared to low complexity tasks. Relevance to industry: Assembly ergonomics and assembly complexity factors interact. Both should be proactively considered in order to keep assembly-related failures and action costs as low as possible.


assembly complexity

assembly ergonomics

action cost


manual assembly


Ann-Christine Falck

Chalmers, Produkt- och produktionsutveckling

Roland Örtengren

Chalmers, Produkt- och produktionsutveckling, Produktionssystem

Mikael Rosenqvist

Chalmers, Produkt- och produktionsutveckling, Produktutveckling

International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics

0169-8141 (ISSN)

Vol. 44 455-459


Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi


Hållbar utveckling