Quasi solid state polymer electrolyte with binary iodide salts for photo-electrochemical solar cells
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2014

Quasi-solid-state polymer electrolytes can be used in dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) in order to overcome various problems associated with liquid electrolytes. Prior to fabricating commercially viable solar cells, the efficiency of quasi solid state DSSCs needs to be improved. Using electrolytes with a binary iodide mixture is a novel technique used to obtain such efficiency enhancement. In this work we report both conductivity and solar cell performance enhancements due to incorporation of a mixture containing LiI and tetrahexylammonium iodide in a quasi-solid-state electrolyte. The conductivity of the electrolyte increases with added amounts of Lit and thus the highest conductivity, 3.15 x 10(-3) S cm(-2) at 25 degrees C, is obtained for the electrolyte 100 wt% LiI. The predominantly ionic behavior of the electrolytes was established from dc polarization measurements. The iodide ion conductivity, measured using iodine pellet electrodes decreased somewhat with increasing amount of LiI even though the overall conductivity increased. However, the highest efficiency was obtained for the DSSC containing a polymer electrolyte with Hex(4)N(+)I:LiI = 1:2 mass ratio. This cell had the largest short circuit current density of about 13 mA cm(-2) and more than 4% overall energy conversion efficiency. The results thus show that electrolytes with Hex(4)N(+)I/LiI mixed iodide system show better DSSC performance than single iodide systems. Copyright (C) 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

LAYER

Cation effect

EFFICIENCY

Quasi-solid electrolytes

Dye sensitized solar cells

CONVERSION

Ionic

Polymer electrolyte

PERFORMANCE

IONIC-CONDUCTIVITY

Författare

T M W J Bandara

Chalmers, Teknisk fysik, Fasta tillståndets fysik

W. J. M. J. S. R. Jayasundara

University of Peradeniya

MAKL Dissanayake

National Institute of Fundamental Studies

Hdns Fernando

University of Colombo

Maurizio Furlani

Chalmers, Teknisk fysik, Fasta tillståndets fysik

Ingvar Albinsson

Göteborgs universitet

Bengt-Erik Mellander

Chalmers, Teknisk fysik, Nukleär teknik

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

0360-3199 (ISSN)

Vol. 39 2997-3004

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Ämneskategorier

Fysik

Styrkeområden

Energi

Materialvetenskap

DOI

10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.05.163