Quasiparticle spectra, absorption spectra, and excitonic properties of NaI and SrI2 from many-body perturbation theory
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2014

We investigate the basic quantum-mechanical processes behind the nonproportional response of scintillators to incident radiation responsible for reduced resolution. For this purpose, we conduct a comparative first-principles study of quasiparticle spectra on the basis of the G(0)W(0) approximation as well as absorption spectra and excitonic properties by solving the Bethe-Salpeter equation for two important systems, NaI and SrI2. The former is a standard scintillator material with well-documented nonproportionality, while the latter has recently been found to exhibit a very proportional response. We predict band gaps for NaI and SrI2 of 5.5 and 5.2 eV, respectively, in good agreement with experiment. Furthermore, we obtain binding energies for the ground state excitons of 216 meV for NaI and 195 +/- 25 meV for SrI2. We analyze the degree of exciton anisotropy and spatial extent by means of a coarse-grained electron-hole pair-correlation function. Thereby, it is shown that the excitons in NaI differ strongly from those in SrI2 in terms of structure and symmetry, even if their binding energies are similar. Furthermore, we show that quite unexpectedly the spatial extents of the highly-anisotropic low-energy excitons in SrI2 in fact exceed those in NaI by a factor of two to three in terms of the full width at half maxima of the electron-hole pair-correlation function.

scintillator non-proportionality

alkali halides


total-energy calculations


augmented-wave method


optical absorption


electron-hole excitations



Paul Erhart

Chalmers, Teknisk fysik, Material- och ytteori

A. Schleife

B. Sadigh

Daniel Åberg

Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics

24699950 (ISSN) 24699969 (eISSN)

Vol. 89 7 art no 075132 - 075132


C3SE (Chalmers Centre for Computational Science and Engineering)




Den kondenserade materiens fysik



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