Oxidation of copper nanoparticles in water monitored in situ by localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2014
Disc-shaped copper nanoparticles (Cu NPs) were fabricated by hole-mask colloidal lithography on bare and thin titania film covered fused silica substrates. The dynamics of Cu oxide formation around the NPs were studied in water by localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) spectroscopy. We found that the oxidation rate is strongly enhanced under UV irradiation when the NPs are on the surface of the titania film, in comparison to NPs deposited on an inert fused silica substrate. The reason is sought in the ability of TiO2 to create hydroxyl radicals with strong oxidative potential in water under UV irradiation and the charge transfer at the interface between the Cu NPs and the TiO2. The post irradiation analysis of the samples with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy provides complementary evidence for Cu oxide formation. In addition, size and shape changes of the NPs, as measured by atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, indicate (photo) corrosion of the NPs. Our results demonstrate the potential of using LSPR spectroscopy to monitor the oxidation of Cu NPs in situ and in different environments.