The effect of a Computerised Decision Support System (CDSS) on compliance with the prehospital assessment process: results of an interrupted time-series study
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2014

Background: Errors in the decision-making process are probably the main threat to patient safety in the prehospital setting. The reason can be the change of focus in prehospital care from the traditional "scoop and run" practice to a more complex assessment and this new focus imposes real demands on clinical judgment. The use of Clinical Guidelines (CG) is a common strategy for cognitively supporting the prehospital providers. However, there are studies that suggest that the compliance with CG in some cases is low in the prehospital setting. One possible way to increase compliance with guidelines could be to introduce guidelines in a Computerized Decision Support System (CDSS). There is limited evidence relating to the effect of CDSS in a prehospital setting. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of CDSS on compliance with the basic assessment process described in the prehospital CG and the effect of On Scene Time (OST). Methods: In this time-series study, data from prehospital medical records were collected on a weekly basis during the study period. Medical records were rated with the guidance of a rating protocol and data on OST were collected. The difference between baseline and the intervention period was assessed by a segmented regression. Results: In this study, 371 patients were included. Compliance with the assessment process described in the prehospital CG was stable during the baseline period. Following the introduction of the CDSS, compliance rose significantly. The post-intervention slope was stable. The CDSS had no significant effect on OST. Conclusions: The use of CDSS in prehospital care has the ability to increase compliance with the assessment process of patients with a medical emergency. This study was unable to demonstrate any effects of OST.

KNOWLEDGE

MANAGEMENT

EMERGENCY MEDICAL-SERVICES

RECOMMENDATIONS

REALISTIC EVALUATION

MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION

HEALTH

PATIENT SAFETY

INTERVENTIONS

CARE

Författare

M. A. Hagiwara

Tekniska högskolan i Jönköping

Högskolan i Borås

B. O. Suserud

Högskolan i Borås

B. Andersson-Gare

Tekniska högskolan i Jönköping

Bengt-Arne Sjöqvist

Chalmers, Signaler och system, Signalbehandling och medicinsk teknik, Medicinska signaler och system

M. Henricson

Tekniska högskolan i Jönköping

A. Jonsson

Högskolan i Borås

BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making

1472-6947 (ISSN)

Vol. 14 1 70

Ämneskategorier

Annan medicin och hälsovetenskap

DOI

10.1186/1472-6947-14-70