Global diversity and geography of soil fungi
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2014

Fungi play major roles in ecosystem processes, but the determinants of fungal diversity and biogeographic patterns remain poorly understood. Using DNA metabarcoding data from hundreds of globally distributed soil samples, we demonstrate that fungal richness is decoupled from plant diversity. The plant-to-fungus richness ratio declines exponentially toward the poles. Climatic factors, followed by edaphic and spatial variables, constitute the best predictors of fungal richness and community composition at the global scale. Fungi show similar latitudinal diversity gradients to other organisms, with several notable exceptions. These findings advance our understanding of global fungal diversity patterns and permit integration of fungi into a general macroecological framework.

ecology

functional traits

biogeography

biodiversity

macroecology

global change

Fungi

distribution

Författare

Leho Tedersoo

Mohammad Bahram

Sergei Põlme

Urmas Kõljalg

Nourou S. Yorou

Ravi Wijesundera

Luis Villarreal Ruiz

Aída M. Vasco-Palacios

Pham Quang Thu

Ave Suija

Matthew E. Smith

Cathy Sharp

Erki Saluveer

Alessandro Saitta

Miguel Rosas

Taavi Riit

David Ratkowsky

Karin Pritsch

Kadri Põldmaa

Meike Piepenbring

Cherdchai Phosri

Marko Peterson

Kaarin Parts

Kadri Pärtel

Eveli Otsing

Eduardo Nouhra

André L. Njouonkou

R. Henrik Nilsson

Göteborgs universitet

Luis N. Morgado

Jordan Mayor

Tom W. May

Luiza Majuakim

D. Jean Lodge

Su See Lee

Karl-Henrik Larsson

Petr Kohout

Kentaro Hosaka

Indrek Hiiesalu

Terry W. Henkel

Helery Harend

Liang-dong Guo

Alina Greslebin

Gwen Grelet

Jozsef Geml

Genevieve Gates

William Dunstan

Chris Dunk

Rein Drenkhan

John Dearnaley

André De Kesel

Tan Dang

Franz Buegger

Francis Q. Brearley

Gregory Bonito

Sten Anslan

Sandra Abell

Kessy Abarenkov

Science

0036-8075 (ISSN)

Vol. 346 artikel nr 1256688-

Ämneskategorier

Botanik

Biologisk systematik

Markvetenskap

Miljö- och naturvårdsvetenskap

Ekologi

Mikrobiologi

Bioinformatik och systembiologi

DOI

10.1126/science.1256688