Simulations on Consumer Tests: A Systematic Evaluation Approach in an Industrial Case Study
Paper i proceeding, 2014

Context: Consumer tests for vehicles have long a tradition of almost two decades in Europe to assess vehicular safety abilities. For active safety systems like an emergency braking guard, different consumer-test-organizations (CTOs) around the world intensify now the challenges for automotive Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) in terms of specific test protocols. Objective: This work focuses on the systematic generation of possible vehicle trajectories within the allowed tolerance ranges for a simulation environment. It is of great interest to which extent the different test parameters will affect the brake time- points in each test case as well as the residual velocity in case of a collision with a target vehicle. Method: A formal model using a graph-based representation of the allowed variances based on relevant time-points allows the selection of relevant trajectories as test cases. These trajec- tories are simulated afterwards to investigate its influence on the system’s performance. Results: The systematic approach unveiled varying action points in time of the software of an emergency braking guard, which could influence the overall result of a consumer test. Conclusion: The use of a structured simulative approach for evaluating an active safety system during the development process enables a more focused feedback and supports extensive tests on real proving grounds by systematic and automated robustness analyses for example.

simulation engineering

consumer tests




Christian Berger

Göteborgs universitet

Delf Block


Sönke Heeren

Automotive Safety Technologies GmbH

Christian Hons


Stefan Kühnel


André Leschke


Dimitri Plotnikov

RWTH Aachen University

Bernhard Rumpe

RWTH Aachen University

Proceedings of the 17th International IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC)