The Relationship between dry rheology and particle shape of natural and manufactured sand
Paper i proceeding, 2014

Understanding the effect of particle shape on dry rheology is considered to be an important aspect in order to replace natural sand used in concrete with manufactured sand. Crushed particles from solid rock are normally less rounded and have less equally shaped dimensions compared to natural sand. Thus, the flowability and workability of the concrete will be different. In previous research, it has been demonstrated how different crushing techniques affects the shape of the particles. In many cases it is believed that Vertical Shaft Impact (VSI) technology is a way forward to replace natural sand. To be able to study the effect of VSI at the smaller fractions (63-2000 µm) sufficient measurements methods to determine particle shape are required. Optical tools to analyze the aggregates would make it possible to study a large amount of particles at small fractions. The determination of particle shape of aggregates is challenging since the shape is highly irregular and the size span of particles are very large. This study aim to evaluate one of the available optical tools, the Camsizer, for digital imaging determination of shape and size distribution. The available default shape parameters of the Camsizer are studied to understand the meaning of the parameters and their suitability for determining the quality of manufactured sand. To evaluate the capacity to determine particle shape, tests are made with 35 different materials. The results are compared with the dry rheology measured with the standardized “flow cone” test. Dependence has been previously proven between particle shape and the mass flow rate in the cone. Three different shape parameters, aspect ratio, sphericity and symmetry, are studied with the Camsizer and the results are compared with the mass flow rates in the cone. The results indicate a strong linear relationship between the optical parameters and the flow cone test.

natural sand



manufactured sand


Rebecka Stomvall

Chalmers, Produkt- och produktionsutveckling, Produktutveckling

Josefine Berntsson

Chalmers, Produkt- och produktionsutveckling, Produktutveckling

Magnus Evertsson

Chalmers, Produkt- och produktionsutveckling, Produktutveckling

27th International Mineral Processing Congress, IMPC 2014, Santiago, Chile, 20-24 October 2014


Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi



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