Size Effects in MgO Cube Dissolution
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2015

Stability parameters and dissolution behavior of engineered nanomaterials in aqueous systems are critical to assess their functionality and fate under environmental conditions. Using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction, we investigated the stability of cubic MgO particles in water. MgO dissolution proceeding via water dissociation at the oxide surface, disintegration of Mg2+-O2- surface elements, and their subsequent solvation ultimately leads to precipitation of Mg(OH)(2) nanosheets. At a pH >= 10, MgO nanocubes with a size distribution below 10 nm quantitatively dissolve within few minutes and convert into Mg(OH)(2) nanosheets. This effect is different from MgO cubes originating from magnesium combustion in air. With a size distribution in the range 10 nm <= d <= 1000 nm they dissolve with a significantly smaller dissolution rate in water. On these particles water induced etching generates (110) faces which, above a certain face area, dissolve at a rate equal to that of (100) planes.(1) The delayed solubility of microcrystalline MgO is attributed to surface hydroxide induced self-inhibition effects occurring at the (100) and (110) microplanes. The present work underlines the importance of morphology evolution and surface faceting of engineered nanomaterials particles during their dissolution.


S. O. Baumann

Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen Nurnberg (FAU)

J. Schneider

Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen Nurnberg (FAU)

A. Sternig

Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen Nurnberg (FAU)

D. Thomele

Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen Nurnberg (FAU)

S. Stankic

Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS)

Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC)

T. Berger

Universität Salzburg

Henrik Grönbeck

Chalmers, Teknisk fysik, Kemisk fysik

Kompetenscentrum katalys

O. Diwald

Universität Salzburg


07437463 (ISSN) 15205827 (eISSN)

Vol. 31 9 2770-2776


Nanovetenskap och nanoteknik (SO 2010-2017, EI 2018-)




Fysikalisk kemi


Grundläggande vetenskaper


C3SE (Chalmers Centre for Computational Science and Engineering)



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