Mechanistic time scales in adhesive mixing investigated by dry particle sizing
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2015

This study exploits the mechanisms governing blending of adhesive mixtures, i.e. random mixing, deagglomeration and adhesion, and their relative importance to achieve mixing homogeneity. To this end, blending of micronized particles (fines) with carrier particles was carried out using a high shear mixer. Dry particle sizing using laser diffraction coupled with a strong powder dispersion unit was employed to measure the fines content in samples collected during mixing, and hence to assess blend homogeneity. The method was also employed to evaluate the relative strength of the agglomerates present in the fines. Particle sizing using a non-destructive imaging technique was used to monitor changes in particle size during blending. It could be shown that the de-agglomeration of the fine-particle agglomerates is the slowest mechanism and hence the rate-limiting step as regards achieving a homogeneous adhesive mixture. Consequently, a longer mixing time is needed for blending of larger agglomerates. Being fast, simple and reproducible, the laser diffraction technique was shown to be an efficient method for measurement of fine particle content and homogeneity of a mixture, while the non-destructive image analysis was able to give relevant information on the rate of de-agglomeration of the fine-particle agglomerates as well as on the size of the resulting carrier-fine particle assemblies.

Adhesive mixing

Dry powders for inhalation

Dry particle coating

Dry particle sizing

Mixing dynamics

Time scales


Duy Nguyen

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemiteknik, Kemisk miljövetenskap

Anders Rasmuson

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemiteknik, Kemisk miljövetenskap

Ingela Niklasson Björn

AstraZeneca R&D

K. Thalberg

AstraZeneca R&D

European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences

0928-0987 (ISSN)

Vol. 69 19-25


Farmaceutisk synteskemi