Towards a precise measurement of the antihydrogen ground state hyperfine splitting in a beam: the case of in-flight radiative decays
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2015

The ASACUSA antihydrogen setup at the CERN Antiproton Decelerator (AD) consists of an antihydrogen source (cusp magnet coupled to a positron source and an antiproton catching magnet) followed by a spectrometer beamline. After production in the cusp, the antihydrogen atoms decay while they escape the trap leading to changes in their effective magnetic moment which in turn affect their trajectories in the beamline. Those sequential decays in the presence of a varying magnetic field strength from their production point in the cusp to their detection at the end of the spectrometer line can in principle greatly affect the prospects for a precision measurement of the antihydrogen hyperfine splitting given the so-far relatively low number of available anti-atoms. The impact of the antihydrogen decay in this context has for the first time been simulated. The implementation of atomic radiative decay has been done in Geant4 to extend the particle tracking capabilities originally embedded in Geant4 to excited atoms, and to allow studies of the effect of dynamic atomic properties on trajectories. This new tool thus allows the study of particle-matter interaction via the Geant4 toolkit while properly taking into account the atomic nature of the object under study. The implementation as well as impacts on the experimental sensitivity for antihydrogen spectroscopy are discussed in this paper.

Physics

trapped antihydrogen

radiative decay

ground state hyperfine splitting measurement

Optics

antihydrogen

Författare

Rikard Lundmark

Chalmers, Fundamental fysik

C. Malbrunot

European Organization for Nuclear Research

Stefan-Meyer-Institut fur subatomare Physik

Y. Nagata

RIKEN

B. Radics

RIKEN

C. Sauerzopf

Stefan-Meyer-Institut fur subatomare Physik

E. Widmann

Stefan-Meyer-Institut fur subatomare Physik

Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics

0953-4075 (ISSN)

Vol. 48 18 184001

Ämneskategorier

Atom- och molekylfysik och optik

DOI

10.1088/0953-4075/48/18/184001

Mer information

Skapat

2017-10-07