Comparing motor-vehicle crash risk of EU and US vehicles
Rapport, 2015

This study examined the hypotheses that vehicles meeting EU safety standards perform similarly to US-­regulated vehicles in the US driving environment, and vice versa. The analyses used three statistical approaches to “triangulate” evidence regarding differences in crash and injury risk. Separate analyses assessed crash avoidance technologies, including headlamps and mirrors. The results suggest that when controlling for differences in environment and exposure, vehicles meeting EU standards offer reduced risk of serious injury in frontal/side crashes and have driver‐side mirrors that reduce risk in lane-change crashes better, while vehicles meeting US standards provide a lower risk of injury in rollovers and have headlamps that make pedestrians more conspicuous.

likelihood surface

crash avoidance

rollover

comparison EU US

headlamps

side mirrors

logistic regression

SUR

Bayes factor

Crashworthiness

front-side crashes

injury risk

Författare

Carol A. Flannagan

András Bálint

Chalmers, Tillämpad mekanik, Fordonssäkerhet

Chalmers, SAFER - Fordons- och Trafiksäkerhetscentrum

Kathleen D. Klinich

Ulrich Sander

Chalmers, Tillämpad mekanik, Fordonsteknik och autonoma system

Miriam A. Manary

Sophie Cuny

Michael McCarthy

Vuthy Phan

Caroline Wallbank

Paul E. Green

Bo Sui

Åsa Forsman

Helen Fagerlind

Chalmers, Tillämpad mekanik, Fordonssäkerhet

Chalmers, SAFER - Fordons- och Trafiksäkerhetscentrum

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Styrkeområden

Transport

Ämneskategorier

Transportteknik och logistik

Farkostteknik

Sannolikhetsteori och statistik

Fundament

Grundläggande vetenskaper