Intrinsic instrumental polarization and high-precision pulsar timing
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2015

Radio telescopes are used to accurately measure the time of arrival (ToA) of radio pulses in pulsar timing experiments that target mostly millisecond pulsars (MSPs) due to their high rotational stability. This allows for detailed study of MSPs and forms the basis of experiments to detect gravitational waves. Apart from intrinsic and propagation effects, such as pulse-topulse jitter and dispersion variations in the interstellar medium, timing precision is limited in part by the following: polarization purity of the telescope's orthogonally polarized receptors, the signal-to-noise ratio of the pulsar profile, and the polarization fidelity of the system. Using simulations, we present how fundamental limitations in recovering the true polarization reduce the precision of ToA measurements. Any real system will respond differently to each source observed depending on the unique pulsar polarization profile. Using the profiles of known MSPs, we quantify the limits of observing system specifications that yield satisfactory ToA measurements, and we place a practical design limit beyond which improvement of the system results in diminishing returns. Our aim is to justify limits for the front-end polarization characteristics of next-generation radio telescopes, leading to the Square Kilometre Array.

Pulsars: general

Radio continuum: general

Instrumentation: polarimeters

Författare

G. Foster

Rhodes University

University of Oxford

A. Karastergiou

University of Oxford

Rhodes University

University of the Western Cape

R. Paulin

University of Oxford

Tobia Carozzi

Chalmers, Rymd- och geovetenskap, Onsala rymdobservatorium

S. Johnston

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)

W. Van Straten

Swinburne University of Technology

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

0035-8711 (ISSN) 1365-2966 (eISSN)

Vol. 453 2 1489-1502

Ämneskategorier

Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi

DOI

10.1093/mnras/stv1722