Enclosures in West Pokot, Kenya: Transforming land, livestock and livelihoods in drylands
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2015

Dryland livestock production systems are changing in many parts of the world, as a result of growing human populations and associated pressure on water and land. Based on a combination of social and natural science methods, we studied a 30-year transformation process from pastoralism to a livestock-based agro-pastoral system in northwestern Kenya, with the overall aim to increase the understanding of the ongoing transition towards intensified agro-pastoralist production systems in dryland East Africa. Key to this transformation was the use of enclosures for land rehabilitation, fodder production, and land and livestock management. Enclosures have more soil carbon and a higher vegetation cover than adjacent areas with open grazing. The level of adoption of enclosures as a management tool has been very high, and their use has enabled agricultural diversification, e.g. increased crop agriculture, poultry production and the inclusion of improved livestock. Following the use of enclosures, livelihoods have become less dependent on livestock migration, are increasingly directed towards agribusinesses and present new opportunities and constraints for women. These livelihood changes are closely associated with, and depend on, an ongoing privatization of land under different tenure regimes. The results indicate that the observed transformation provides opportunities for a pathway towards a sustainable livestock-based agro-pastoral system that could be valid in many dryland areas in East Africa. However, we also show that emergent risks of conflicts and inequalities in relation to land, triggered by the weakening of collective property rights, pose a threat to the sustainability of this pathway.

Agro-pastoralism

Transformation

Livestock

Land use

Kenya

Intensification

Enclosure

Livelihood

Författare

Gert Nyberg

Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU)

Per Knutsson

Göteborgs universitet

Madelene Ostwald

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Fysisk resursteori

Ingrid Öborn

Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU)

World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)

Ewa Wredle

Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU)

David Jakinda Otieno

University of Nairobi

Stephen Mureithi

University of Nairobi

Peter Mwangi

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

Muhammed Said

International Livestock Research Institute Nairobi

Magnus Jirström

Lunds universitet

Antonia Grönwall

Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU)

Julia Wernersson

Köbenhavns Universitet

Göteborgs universitet

Sara Svanlund

Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU)

Laura Saxer

Göteborgs universitet

Lotje Geutjes

Göteborgs universitet

Vera Karmebäck

University of Nairobi

Lunds universitet

John Wairore

University of Nairobi

Regina Wambui

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

Jan De Leeuw

World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)

Anders Malmer

Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU)

Pastoralism

2041-7136 (eISSN)

Vol. 5 25

Ämneskategorier

Tvärvetenskapliga studier

Miljö- och naturvårdsvetenskap

DOI

10.1186/s13570-015-0044-7

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Senast uppdaterat

2018-05-08