High-Order Hilbert Curves: Fractal Structures with Isotropic, Tailorable Optical Properties
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2015

© 2015 American Chemical Society. Fractals are promising candidates as nonperiodic, nonresonant structures exhibiting a homogeneous, isotropic, and frequency-independent effective optical response. We present a comprehensive optical investigation of a metallic Hilbert curve of fractal order N = 9 in the visible and near-infrared spectral range. Our experiments show that high-order fractal nanostructures exhibit a nearly frequency independent reflectance and an in-plane isotropic optical response. The response can be simulated in the framework of a simple effective medium approximation model with a limited number of parameters. It is shown that high-order Hilbert structures can be considered as a transparent in-plane metal, the dielectric function of which is modified by the filling factor f, hence creating a tunable conductive effective metal with tailorable plasma frequency and variable reflectance without going through an insulator-to-metal transition.


spectroscopic ellipsometry

tunable metal

optical properties

self-similar nanostructures

optical frequencies

Hilbert curve

Bruggeman effective medium approximation




Stefano De Zuani

Universität Stuttgart

T. Reindl

Max Planck-institutet

Marcus Rommel

Chalmers, Mikroteknologi och nanovetenskap (MC2), Nanotekniklaboratoriet

Bruno Gompf

Universität Stuttgart

Audrey Berrier

Universität Stuttgart

Martin Dressel

Universität Stuttgart

ACS Photonics

2330-4022 (eISSN)

Vol. 2 1719-1724