Human-centred, scalable, combat system design for littoral operations
Paper i proceeding, 2015

Combat operations in the littoral and amphibious environments present unique challenges to both the warfighters, and the system designers. High-tempo navigation, in shallow / congested waters, and in degraded visual environments, increases the stresses on the individuals and teams before combat related tasks are considered. All combat tasks require the crew, and the crafts systems, to have the appropriate level of situation awareness and decision making capability. This Joint Cognitive System (JCS) supports the interoperability needed to achieve successful operational outcomes, particularly in joint operations. Resilience, is essential in the high-tempo coastal environment. Littoral / amphibious craft, being typically small and fast, and by necessity lean manned must be efficient and optimised. Understanding the crew's roles, tasks and competences provides the definitions required for the information architectures and flow, both intra and inter vessel, that supports the JCS and defines the vessel's Combat System. The JCS, and therefore the Combat System, can be scaled with the vessels size, as a number of the crews / systems functions remain the same. Designing the combat JCS from a human-centred perspective, provides an essential foundation for designing the vessel and delivering the required littoral / amphibious capability.

Situation awareness


Degraded visual environments

Decision making

Joint operations


Information architectures

Combat operations

Cognitive systems

Systems analysis

Coastal environments

Naval vessels

Joint cognitive systems

Littoral operations


Trevor David Dobbins

Chalmers, Sjöfart och marin teknik, Nautiska Studier

J. Hill

T. Thompson


S. McCartan

Coventry University

T. Brand

A. Smoker

Lunds universitet

International Conference on Warship 2015: Future Surface Vessels; Bath; United Kingdom; 10 June 2015 through 11 June 2015

978-190902441-0 (ISBN)





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