Millimetre wave waveguide enclosed grid frequency multipliers and imaging
Doktorsavhandling, 2016

The utilisation of the THz spectrum ( 0.3-10 THz ) is hampered by fundamental difficulties in generating power at these frequencies. Applications within such diverse fields as radio astronomy, security imaging, life sciences, high data rate communications and production monitoring could benefit significantly from compact, high power THz signal sources operating at room temperature. This thesis reports on the design and fabrication aspects of varactor diode based waveguide enclosed grid frequency multipliers. The goal of this work has been to design, fabricate and characterise high power varactor grid frequency multipliers, enabling increased power handling capabilities and output power of future THz frequency multipliers. This approach is expected to offer excellent frequency and power scalability for THz signal sources. A tunable 240 - 290 GHz 72 element grid HBV frequency tripler is presented together with measurement data. With an output power of 35 mW at 247 GHz this is the highest frequency of operation reported to date for waveguide enclosed grid frequency multipliers. Furthermore, a 128 Schottky diode frequency doubler grid is presented, with a measured peak output power of 0.25 W at 183 GHz. With a peak conversion efficiency of 23 % it is the most efficient waveguide enclosed grid multiplier reported to date. A modelling approach using parallel sets of cascaded unit cells has been successfully developed as well as a full 3D simulation for grid frequency multipliers. Two application examples that could benefit from future high power THz sources are also presented. The first one is a 346 GHz imaging system using an imaging algorithm based on the Born approximation to produce images with a sub wavelength pixel size of 0.1×0.1 mm2. The second application example is a FMCW radar transceiver operating at 340 GHz, packaged into a compact modular system designed for array integration.

Millimeter wave

THz imaging

THz sources

Grid

Heterostructure Barrier Var- actors (HBVs)

Varactors

Array

FMCW

2D-grid

Quasi-optical.

Frequency multipliers

Radars

sub-millimetre waves

Schottky diodes

Kollektorn (A423), MC2, Kemivägen 9, Chalmers
Opponent: Prof. Antti Räisänen, Department of Radio Science and Engineering, Aalto University, Finland

Författare

Robin Dahlbäck

Chalmers, Mikroteknologi och nanovetenskap (MC2), Terahertz- och millimetervågsteknik

Comparison of full 3D and unit cell models for waveguide-embedded frequency multiplier arrays

IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters,; Vol. 26(2016)p. 954-956

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

A compact 128-element Schottky diode grid frequency doubler generating 0.25 W of output power at 183 GHz

IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters,; Vol. 27(2017)p. 162-164

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

A Tunable 240–290 GHz Waveguide Enclosed 2-D Grid HBV Frequency Tripler

IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology,; Vol. 6(2016)p. 503-509

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Compact 340 GHz homodyne transceiver modules for FMWC imaging radar arrays.

IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest,; (2016)

Paper i proceeding

A System for THz Imaging of Low-Contrast Targets Using the Born Approximation

IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology,; Vol. 2(2012)p. 361-370

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Styrkeområden

Informations- och kommunikationsteknik

Infrastruktur

Kollberglaboratoriet

Nanotekniklaboratoriet

Ämneskategorier

Elektroteknik och elektronik

Annan elektroteknik och elektronik

ISBN

978-91-7597-407-1

Doktorsavhandlingar vid Chalmers tekniska högskola. Ny serie: 4088

Technical report MC2 - Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Chalmers University of Technology: MC2-339

Kollektorn (A423), MC2, Kemivägen 9, Chalmers

Opponent: Prof. Antti Räisänen, Department of Radio Science and Engineering, Aalto University, Finland

Mer information

Skapat

2017-10-07