Spectroscopy of low-frequency noise and its temperature dependence in a superconducting qubit
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2012

We report a direct measurement of the low-frequency noise spectrum in a superconducting flux qubit. Our method uses the noise sensitivity of a free-induction Ramsey interference experiment, comprising free evolution in the presence of noise for a fixed period of time followed by single-shot qubit-state measurement. Repeating this procedure enables Fourier-transform noise spectroscopy with access to frequencies up to the achievable repetition rate, a regime relevant to dephasing in ensemble-averaged time-domain measurements such as Ramsey interferometry. Rotating the qubit's quantization axis allows us to measure two types of noise: effective flux noise and effective critical-current or charge noise. For both noise sources, we observe that the very same 1/f-type power laws measured at considerably higher frequencies (0.2-20 MHz) are consistent with the noise in the 0.01-100-Hz range measured here. We find no evidence of temperature dependence of the noises over 65-200 mK, and also no evidence of time-domain correlations between the two noises. These methods and results are pertinent to the dephasing of all superconducting qubits. © 2012 American Physical Society.


F. Yan

Jonas Bylander

Chalmers, Mikroteknologi och nanovetenskap (MC2), Kvantkomponentfysik

S. Gustavsson

F. Yoshihara

K. Harrabi

D.G. Cory

T.P. Orlando

Y. Nakamura

J.S. Tsai

W.D. Oliver

Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics

1098-0121 (ISSN)

Vol. 85 174521-



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