New boron based salts for lithium-ion batteries using conjugated ligands
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2016

A new anion design concept, based on combining a boron atom as the central atom and conjugated systems as ligands, is presented as a route for finding alternative Li-salts for lithium-ion batteries. The properties of a wide range of novel anions designed in this way have been evaluated by DFT calculations focusing on three different fundamental success factors/measures: the strength of the cation-anion interaction, ultimately determining both the solubility and the ionic conductivity, the oxidation limit, determining their possible use vs. high voltage cathodes, and the reduction stability, revealing a possible role of the anion in the SEI-formation at the anode. For a few anions superior properties vs. today's existing or suggested anions are predicted, especially the very low cation-anion interaction strengths are promising features. The design route itself is shown to be versatile in determining the correlation between different choices of ligands and the resulting overall properties - where the most striking feature is the decreased lithium cation interaction energy upon using the (1Z,3Z)-buta-1,3-diene-1,2,3,4-tetracarbonitrile ligands. This also opens avenues for the further design of novel anions beyond those with a boron central atom.

Physics

thermochemistry

identification

anions

dft

decomposition

conductivity

polymer electrolytes

nonaqueous solutions

Chemistry

stability

electrochemical oxidation

Författare

Piotr Jankowski

Chalmers, Fysik, Kondenserade materiens fysik

W. Wieczorek

Politechnika Warszawska

Alistore - European Research Institute

Patrik Johansson

Chalmers, Fysik, Kondenserade materiens fysik

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics

1463-9076 (ISSN) 1463-9084 (eISSN)

Vol. 18 24 16274-16280

Styrkeområden

Transport

Energi

Materialvetenskap

Ämneskategorier

Fysik

DOI

10.1039/c6cp02409b

PubMed

27253752