Unravelling the interactions among microbial populations found in activated sludge during biofilm formation
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2016

Microorganisms colonize surfaces and develop biofilms through interactions that are not yet thoroughly understood, with important implications for water and wastewater systems. This study investigated the interactions between N-acyl homoserine lactone (AHL)-producing bacteria, yeasts and protists, and their contribution to biofilm development. Sixty-one bacterial strains were isolated from activated sludge and screened for AHL production, with Aeromonas sp. found to be the dominant AHL producer. Shewanella xiamenensis, Aeromonas allosaccharophila, Acinetobacter junii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa recorded the highest adherence capabilities, with S. xiamenensis being the most effective in surface colonization. Additionally, highly significant interactions (i.e. synergic or antagonistic) were described for dual and multistrain mixtures of bacterial strains (P. aeruginosa, S. xiamenensis, A. junii and Pseudomonas stutzeri), as well as for strongly adherent bacteria co-cultured with yeasts. In this last case, the adhered biomass in co-cultures was lower than the monospecific biofilms of bacteria and yeast, with biofilm observations by microscopy suggesting that bacteria had an antagonist effect on the whole or part of the yeast population. Finally, protist predation by Euplotes sp. and Paramecium sp. on Aeromonas hydrophila biofilms not only failed to reduce biofilm formation, but also recorded unexpected results leading to the development of aggregates of high density and complexity.Single- and multi-species microbial biofilms developed by different prokaryotic/eukaryotic microorganisms were investigated in order to study the interactions across populations and their contribution to biofilm development.Single- and multi-species microbial biofilms developed by different prokaryotic/eukaryotic microorganisms were investigated in order to study the interactions across populations and their contribution to biofilm development.

quorum sensing

protist

yeast

predation

biofilms

AHL-producing bacteria

Författare

Raquel Liebana

Chalmers, Bygg- och miljöteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik

L. Arregui

Universidad Complutense de Madrid

A. Santos

Universidad Complutense de Madrid

A. Murciano

Universidad Complutense de Madrid

D. Marquina

Universidad Complutense de Madrid

S. Serrano

Universidad Complutense de Madrid

FEMS Microbiology Ecology

0168-6496 (ISSN)

Vol. 92 9

Ämneskategorier

Mikrobiologi

DOI

10.1093/femsec/fiw134

Mer information

Skapat

2017-10-07