The potential role of forest management in Swedish scenarios towards climate neutrality by mid century
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2017

Swedish climate policy targets net zero greenhouse gases (GHG) by mid-century, with road transport independent of fossil fuels by 2030, requiring far-reaching changes in the way energy is used. Forest management is expected to support carbon sequestration and provide biomass for various uses, including energy. In this paper, we combine two energy scenarios with four forest scenarios and quantify GHG balances associated with energy-use for heat, electricity, and road transport, and with forest management and production, use, and end-of-life management of various forest products, including products for export. The aggregated GHG balances are evaluated in relation to the 2-degree target and an allocated Swedish CO2 budget. The production of biofuels in the agriculture sector is considered but not analyzed in detail. The results suggest that Swedish forestry can make an important contribution by supplying forest fuels and other products while maintaining or enhancing carbon storage in vegetation, soils, and forest products. The GHG neutrality goal is not met in any of the scenarios without factoring in carbon sequestration. Measures to enhance forest productivity can increase output of forest products (including biofuels for export) and also enhance carbon sequestration. The Swedish forest sector can let Sweden reach net negative emissions, and avoid “using up” its allocated CO2 budget, thereby increasing the associated emissions space for the rest of the world.

GHG balances

Carbon budget

Forest fuels

Climate change

Forest supply

Energy systems

Författare

[Person d1a512ea-584d-402a-a86f-981a8cadfad6 not found]

[Person 435a3b27-4a0d-4b32-8133-0e552545a189 not found]

[Person f4bdd61c-73fc-49c2-964b-26ff4ccd7cd7 not found]

[Person 2db97452-9443-47eb-96a3-eaf616af7a67 not found]

[Person e36dbb8b-4da6-4825-9f3a-c6d1578678dd not found]

[Person 4a78922e-cfea-433b-84fa-32f0f62ba552 not found]

[Person 36e34775-734e-469c-8b4d-4e259d893b92 not found]

[Person e9b4c1e8-fe09-4eea-b493-1fdb7bf0845d not found]

[Person f29c3c01-0a11-4fed-9e2f-85ec87eed13a not found]

Forest Ecology and Management

0378-1127 (ISSN)

Vol. 383 January 73-84

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Styrkeområden

Energi

Ämneskategorier

Energisystem

Miljövetenskap

DOI

10.1016/j.foreco.2016.07.015

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2018-04-17