The Dense Molecular Gas and Nuclear Activity in the ULIRG IRAS 13120-5453
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2017

We present new Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array Band 7 (?340 GHz) observations of the dense gas tracers HCN, HCO+, and CS in the local, single-nucleus, ultraluminous infrared galaxy IRAS 13120-5453. We find centrally enhanced HCN (4-3) emission, relative to HCO+ (4-3), but do not find evidence for radiative pumping of HCN. Considering the size of the starburst (0.5 kpc) and the estimated supernovae rate of ?1.2 yr-1, the high HCN/HCO+ ratio can be explained by an enhanced HCN abundance as a result of mechanical heating by the supernovae, though the active galactic nucleus and winds may also contribute additional mechanical heating. The starburst size implies a high ?IR of 4.7 × 1012 L? kpc-2, slightly below predictions of radiation-pressure limited starbursts. The HCN line profile has low-level wings, which we tentatively interpret as evidence for outflowing dense molecular gas. However, the dense molecular outflow seen in the HCN line wings is unlikely to escape the Galaxy and is destined to return to the nucleus and fuel future star formation. We also present modeling of Herschel observations of the H2O lines and find a nuclear dust temperature of ?40 K. IRAS 13120-5453 has a lower dust temperature and ?IR than is inferred for the systems termed "compact obscured nuclei (CONs)" (such as Arp 220 and Mrk 231). If IRAS 13120-5453 has undergone a CON phase, we are likely witnessing it at a time when the feedback has already inflated the nuclear ISM and diluted star formation in the starburst/active galactic nucleus core.

galaxies: interactions

galaxies: individual (IRAS 13120-5453)

galaxies: ISM

galaxies: starburst

galaxies: active


G. Privon

Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile

Universidad de Concepción

Susanne Aalto

Chalmers, Rymd- och geovetenskap, Radioastronomi och astrofysik

Niklas Falstad

Chalmers, Rymd- och geovetenskap, Radioastronomi och astrofysik

Sebastien Muller

Chalmers, Rymd- och geovetenskap, Onsala rymdobservatorium

E. Gonzalez-Alfonso

Universidad de Alcala

Kazimierz Sliwa


E. Treister

Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile

Universidad de Concepción

Francesco Costagliola

Chalmers, Rymd- och geovetenskap, Radioastronomi och astrofysik

L. Armus

Spitzer Science Center

A. S. Evans

University of Virginia

National Radio Astronomy Observatory

S. G. Burillo

Observatorio Astronómico Nacional (OAN)

T. Izumi

University of Tokyo

K. Sakamoto

Academia Sinica

P. van der Werf

Universiteit Leiden

J. Chu

University of Hawaii

Astrophysical Journal

0004-637X (ISSN) 1538-4357 (eISSN)

Vol. 835 2 Article Number: 213- 213


Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi



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