Mean-square stability analysis of approximations of stochastic differential equations in infinite dimensions
The (asymptotic) behaviour of the second moment of solutions to stochastic differential equations is treated in mean-square stability analysis. The purpose of this article is to discuss this property for approximations of infinite-dimensional stochastic differential equations and give necessary and sufficient conditions that ensure mean-square stability of the considered finite-dimensional approximations. Stability properties of typical discretization schemes such as combinations of spectral Galerkin, finite element, Euler-Maruyama, Milstein, Crank-Nicolson, and forward and backward Euler methods are characterized. Furthermore, results on their relationship to stability properties of the analytical solutions are provided. Simulations of the stochastic heat equation confirm the theory.
linear stochastic partial differential equations
numerical approximations of stochastic differential equations
finite element methods
Asymptotic mean-square stability