Sustainability assessment of glucose production technologies from highly recalcitrant softwood including scavengers
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2017

The utilization of abandoned lignocellulosic residues for chemical production has a strong potential to partially substitute chemicals, which are traditionally produced from non-renewable resources. Softwood especially, with its high availability, presents a sustainable resource for the conversion to higher value-added products such as biofuels and bioplastics. In this study, we investigate mature and innovative technologies for the conversion of softwood to the platform chemical sugar from an economic and environmental perspective. We show that the conventional enzymatic hydrolysis has high economic as well as environmental burdens and that the increase of enzyme availability via a carbocation scavenger process is the key solution to overcome them. Furthermore, we present a process design based on concentrated acid hydrolysis, which is both environmentally and economically competitive compared to conventional production from sugarbeet. The low energy and raw material requirements combined with heat integration and moderate capital costs makes this technology attractive for utilization of softwood residues. This proves that lignocellulosic residues have the potential to become an important raw material in the future bioeconomy.

softwood

process design

pre-treatment technologies

economic evaluation

life cycle assessment

biorefinery

scavengers

Författare

Merten Morales

Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETH)

Thomas Pielhop

Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETH)

Philippe Saliba

Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETH)

K. Hungerbühler

Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETH)

Philipp Rudolf von Rohr

Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETH)

Stavros Papadokonstantakis

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Energiteknik

Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining

1932-104X (ISSN)

Vol. 11 3 441-453

Ämneskategorier

Kemiska processer

DOI

10.1002/bbb.1756