A Study of Turbulent Natural Convection Boundary Layers Using Large-Eddy Simulation
The structure of turbulent natural convection boundary layers in different
geometries and the effect of the buoyancy on a mixed convection boundary
layer are investigated. These geometries comprise a vertical finite
cylinder, a vertical infinite channel, a cavity and a vertical finite channel.
In the three cases of vertical cylinder, cavity and finite channel, the boundary
layer is in the state of development whereas in the case of the infinite channel,
the boundary layer has a fully developed condition. In the vertical cylinder
the natural convection is the dominant phenomenon although a small air-flow
enters the geometry to reduce flow recirculations. In the case of the vertical infinite
channel and cavity there exist only a pure natural convection boundary
layer. In the vertical finite channel, however, the boundary layer is of mixed convection type
and radiation heat transfer affects its development owing to high wall temperatures.
The Grashof numbers based on the cylinder height, channel width, cavity
and finite channel widths reach to Gr=5*10^11, Gr=9.6*10^5,
Gr=3.9*10^8 and Gr=9.4*10^7, respectively.
The boundary layers are studied using two powerful numerical methods namely
Direct Numerical Simulation or DNS and Large Eddy Simulation or
LES. Due to high Reynolds numbers, DNS is only used in the case of the vertical infinite
channel. Three different sub-grid scale models are used in the case of the cavity
and it is shown that the dynamic SGS model is the only model that is capable of predicting
the location of the transition from laminar to turbulent flow correctly.
Mean flow parameters as well as turbulence parameters in all cases are studied
and the results are compared with the existing experimental results. Comparisons
are also made between the results of the vertical cylinder and experimental
results obtained from a vertical flat plate.
natural convection boundary layer
radiation heat transfer