Analyzing and Securing Bluetooth-based Pico Networks
Rapport, 2007

We have examined Bluetooth-based Pico-network (Piconet) applications in wireless computing and cellular devices and found an extensive number of ``unexpected abuses'', where the security expectations of the device owner can be violated. We have studied the underlying causes of such problems and found that many products lack the controls to administer these devices securely. We also observe cases where explicit security claims from the Bluetooth protocol are not satisfied. Our conclusion is that the current Bluetooth protocol (version 2.0) cannot be used to create Piconets in a secure way. We classify a number of abuses and security violations as Bluetooth protocol design flaws, application-layer implementation errors or simply pitfalls in the security management. Using this classification we define a core set of requirements that would improve Bluetooth security significantly. We also discuss how such requirements could be applied to the automobile domain.

implementation flaws

security controls


automobile security

design flaws

pico networks


Dennis Nilsson

Chalmers, Data- och informationsteknik, Datorteknik

Phillip A. Porras

Erland Jonsson

Chalmers, Data- och informationsteknik, Datorteknik



Technical report - Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology and Göteborg University: 2007:11

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