Novel Nanostructures and Materials for Strong Light-Matter Interactions
Reviewartikel, 2018

Quantum mechanical interactions between electromagnetic radiation and matter underlie a broad spectrum of optical phenomena. Strong light-matter interactions result in the well-known vacuum Rabi splitting and emergence of new polaritonic eigenmodes of the coupled system. Thanks to recent progress in nanofabrication, observation of strong coupling has become possible in a great variety of optical nanostructures. Here, we review recently studied and emerging materials for realization of strong light-matter interactions. We present general theoretical formalism describing strong coupling and give an overview of various photonic structures and materials allowing for realization of this regime, including plasmonic and dielectric nanoantennas, novel two-dimensional materials, carbon nanotubes, and molecular vibrational transitions. In addition, we discuss practical applications that can benefit from these effects and give an outlook on unsettled questions that remain open for future research.

quantum emitters



strong coupling

Rabi splitting


Denis Baranov

Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för fysik

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Martin Wersäll

Chalmers, Fysik, Bionanofotonik

Jorge Cuadra

Chalmers, Fysik, Bionanofotonik

Tomasz Antosiewicz

Uniwersytet Warszawski

Chalmers, Fysik, Bionanofotonik

Timur Shegai

Chalmers, Fysik, Bionanofotonik

ACS Photonics

2330-4022 (eISSN)

Vol. 5 1 24-42


Atom- och molekylfysik och optik

Annan fysik

Den kondenserade materiens fysik



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