Effect of Al-distribution on oxygen activation over Cu-CHA
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2018
Cu(NH 3 ) 2 + -pairs in chabazite (CHA) have been suggested to activate oxygen during lowerature selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides with ammonia (NH 3 -SCR). As charge neutrality requires that each Cu-complex is associated with a framework Al, the Al-distribution may affect Cu(NH 3 ) 2 + -pair formation and subsequent oxygen activation. Here, density functional theory calculations in combination with ab initio molecular dynamics simulations are used to explore Cu(NH 3 ) 2 + -pair formation and oxygen activation in Cu-CHA. The Al-distribution is found to markedly affect the probability for Cu(NH 3 ) 2 + -pair formation. Moreover, the molecular dynamics simulations reveal a low-energy reaction path for O 2 activation and dissociation. The facile O 2 dissociation suggests that Cu-pair formation rather than O 2 activation governs the lowerature NH 3 -SCR activity. The results indicate that precise synthesis of Cu-exchanged chabazite with respect to Al-distribution may enhance the catalytic activity.