Detection of CI line emission towards the oxygen-rich AGB star omi Ceti
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2018

We present the detection of neutral atomic carbon CI( 3 P 1 - 3 P 0 ) line emission towards omi Cet. This is the first time that CI is detected in the envelope around an oxygen-rich M-type asymptotic giant branch (AGB) star. We also confirm the previously tentative CI detection around V Hya, a carbon-rich AGB star. As one of the main photodissociation products of parent species in the circumstellar envelope (CSE) around evolved stars, CI can be used to trace sources of ultraviolet (UV) radiation in CSEs. The observed flux density towards omi Cet can be reproduced by a shell with a peak atomic fractional abundance of 2.4 × 10 -5 predicted based on a simple chemical model where CO is dissociated by the interstellar radiation field. However, the CI emission is shifted by ∼4 km s -1 from the stellar velocity. Based on this velocity shift, we suggest that the detected CI emission towards omi Cet potentially arises from a compact region near its hot binary companion. The velocity shift could, therefore, be the result of the orbital velocity of the binary companion around omi Cet. In this case, the CI column density is estimated to be 1.1 × 10 19 cm -2 . This would imply that strong UV radiation from the companion and/or accretion of matter between two stars is most likely the origin of the CI enhancement. However, this hypothesis can be confirmed by high-angular resolution observations.

Stars: abundances

Circumstellar matter

Atomic processes


Stars: individual: omi Cet

Stars: AGB and post-AGB

V Hya


Maryam Saberi

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Astronomi och plasmafysik

Wouter Vlemmings

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Astronomi och plasmafysik

Elvire De Beck

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Astronomi och plasmafysik

R. Montez

Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory

S. Ramstedt

Uppsala universitet

Astronomy and Astrophysics

0004-6361 (ISSN) 1432-0746 (eISSN)

Vol. 612 L11

Magnetic fields and the outflows during the formation and evolution of stars (OUTFLOWMAGN)

Europeiska kommissionen (EU) (EC/FP7/614264), 2014-05-01 -- 2019-04-30.


Meteorologi och atmosfärforskning

Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi

Atom- och molekylfysik och optik



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