Pushing methods for plasma simulations into the QED regime
Doktorsavhandling, 2018

The interaction between a super-intense laser pulse, with intensity up to 10²² W/cm², and a plasma opens new regimes of physics, with new questions and more demand on existing numerical tools. Relativistic and quantum effects which are negligible for lower laser intensities become important and must be properly modelled to generate reliable predictions. Increased laser intensity opens up previously unexplored or unattainable regimes and allows for the study of basic physical phenomenon, such as when energy loss through radiation starts to have large effects on particle dynamics.

In this thesis we develop schemes to include high intensity radiation from relativistic particles in classical particle-in-cell plasma simulations, with the corresponding energy loss from classical electrodynamics as well as quantum electrodynamic theory. We examine the effect of properly modelling radiation energy losses for laser wakefield acceleration. We propose a novel, tunable scheme for generation of X-ray radiation through interacting laser wakefields, while also finding a regime with strong and stable electron bunch oscillations. We examine the difference between classical and quantum theory in the collision between a laser pulse and an electron, proposing experimental signatures for detection of effects of quantum radiation reaction, a stochastic effect of energy loss through radiation. Furthermore, we use the Manley-Rowe relations to verify the form of a term in the  quations for quantum hydrodynamics.

LWFA

nonlinear dynamics

plasma

Manley-Rowe

particle-in-cell

synchrotron radiation

radiation reaction

PJ-salen, Fysik Origo. Chalmers tekniska högskola
Opponent: Mark Dieckmann, Linköpings universitet

Författare

Erik Karl Wallstén Wallin

Chalmers, Fysik, Kondenserade materiens teori

Three-wave interaction and Manley-Rowe relations in quantum hydrodynamics

Journal of Plasma Physics,; Vol. 80(2014)p. 643-

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Narrowing of the emission angle in high-intensity Compton scattering

Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics,; Vol. 93(2016)

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Extended particle-in-cell schemes for physics in ultrastrong laser fields: Review and developments

Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics,; Vol. 92(2015)

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Radiation emission from braided electrons in interacting wakefields

Physics of Plasmas,; Vol. 24(2017)

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Ultra-intense laser pulses in near-critical underdense plasmas - radiation reaction and energy partitioning

Journal of Plasma Physics,; Vol. 83(2017)

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Fundament

Grundläggande vetenskaper

Ämneskategorier

Annan fysik

Fusion, plasma och rymdfysik

ISBN

978-91-7597-778-2

Doktorsavhandlingar vid Chalmers tekniska högskola. Ny serie: 4459

Utgivare

Chalmers tekniska högskola

PJ-salen, Fysik Origo. Chalmers tekniska högskola

Opponent: Mark Dieckmann, Linköpings universitet

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2018-08-20