Novel Multi-Scale Modeling Framework for Structure and Transport in Complex Battery Electrolytes
Licentiatavhandling, 2018

Affordable high energy rechargeable batteries are crucial for further electrification of the transport sector, which is necessary in order to contribute to limit our CO2 emissions to acceptable levels. While today’s lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) have indeed initiated the electrification of the transportation section successfully, electric vehicles are still expensive and typically have ranges limited to ca. 100-500 km depending on price class. There are also safety concerns with LIBs and limited abundance of necessary materials why new chemistries, and especially new electrolytes, need to be explored. Emerging classes of electrolytes, such as highly concentrated electrolytes, have more complex structures than conventional electrolytes, with implications for the ion transport mechanism. This complexity necessitates a multi-scale modeling approach starting at the atomic level to gain further fundamental understanding.

This thesis outlines a framework where ab initio molecular dynamics initially is used to simulate small periodic systems (∼100 - 1000 atoms) over relatively short time spans (∼1 ps) to obtain trajectories that subsequently are used to train the parameters of a classical force field by force matching. This optimization is performed over all parameters simultaneously by a genetic algorithm. The force fields developed are then used to simulate larger systems (∼1000 - 100 000 atoms) over longer time scales classically (∼1 ns - 1μs). The resulting trajectories are used to collect statistics for a hierarchical analysis, which resolves the structure in terms of dynamic clusters, and quantifies the life-time distribution, population dynamics, and transport properties of identified clusters and non-covalent bonds. The method is ultimately to be of general use to both qualitatively and quantitatively elucidate the ion transport mechanism in novel types of electrolytes as a function of composition.

hierarchical analysis

electrolytes

force field development

molecular dynamics

non-vehicular transport

multi-scale method

Lithium-ion batteries

genetic algorithms

Nexus, Origohuset
Opponent: Anders Hellman, Kemisk fysik, Chalmers

Författare

Rasmus Andersson

Chalmers, Fysik, Kondenserade materiens fysik

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Styrkeområden

Transport

Energi

Materialvetenskap

Fundament

Grundläggande vetenskaper

Infrastruktur

C3SE (Chalmers Centre for Computational Science and Engineering)

Ämneskategorier

Annan fysik

Den kondenserade materiens fysik

Utgivare

Chalmers tekniska högskola

Nexus, Origohuset

Opponent: Anders Hellman, Kemisk fysik, Chalmers

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2018-09-03